It is a process to prepare for putting colors , colors with designs, or putting functional finishes such as providing soft hand or water absorbency.
Fibers have its own natural impurities like colorants, oils, or inorganics, as well as sizes or waxes as a external sources, when making wovens or knits. These impurities should be removed well due to their becoming potential obstacles when putting colors, color with designs or other functions.
There are many kind of preparation processes , such as scouring to remove sizes or oils, bleaching to decompose the colorants on natural fibers to be white, mercerizing to make the colors more brilliant, on cotton fiber, relaxing to make the fabric more , which determines the primary fabric hands, and presetting to stabilize the fabric dimentions with its density.
NICCA develop and provide scouring agents, stabilizers for hydrogen peroxide bleaching, and chelating agents, used in the preparation process in accordance with processes, materials and machines used.